Dental Health: Tooth Abscess

tooth-abscessTooth Abscess is infection that affects the root of any tooth and causes acute pain. It occurs due to the bacterial infection. Infection results in a collection of pus (dead tissue, live and dead bacteria, and white blood cells) and swelling of the tissues within the tooth.

Causes of the Tooth abscess

  • Tooth decay
  • Trauma to the Tooth, fracture
  • Poor oral hygiene, (such as not brushing and flossing properly or often enough
  • Faulty tooth restoration
  • Carious formation
  • Pulpits


Symptoms

  • Toothache
  • Severe, continuous pain
  • Pain when chewing
  • Sensitivity of the teeth to hot or cold
  • Bitter taste in the mouth
  • Breath odor
  • Swollen glands of the neck
  • General discomfort, uneasiness, or ill feeling
  • Swollen area of the upper or lower jaw — a very serious symptom
  • Sometimes causes difficulty in breathing.

Treatment

  • People who have cavities or toothaches can take medicines, such as ibuprofen or naproxen as needed for relief of pain and inflammation.
  • If an abscess ruptures by itself, warm water rinses will help cleanse the mouth and encourage drainage.
  • Surgical drainage of the abscess or extraction of the affected tooth may be necessary.
  • Root canal therapy may be recommended in an attempt to preserve the tooth.

Complications

  • Loss of the tooth
  • Facial cellulites, Ludwig’s angina
  • Spread of infection to the jaw bone (osteomyelitis of the mandible or maxilla)
  • Spread of infection to other areas of the body resulting in brain abscess, endocarditis, pneumonia, or other disorders

Prevention

  • Remember to brush and floss after every meal and at bedtime.
  • Avoidance of cigarette smoking and excess alcohol.
  • Early diagnosis of caries and treating it.
  • Should treat fracture tooth


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